Protesters in the United States today are introducing “A Day Without a Woman” on International Woman’s Day.

I wouldn’t even know where to begin imagining that in electronic music. For all we talk about the absence of more women in electronic music, the field is unimaginable if you were to leave female-identified artists out.

And that’s really the point. When we talk about gender equality in music, we’re not simply talking about achieving a balance of the sexes for the sake of doing so. We’re talking about the dangers of suppressing talent and potential. And if we do that, everyone who genuinely loves music loses. Gender balance isn’t even diversity – it means we’ve failed to even get to the diversity discussion because we haven’t gotten past the most basic obstacles around someone’s sex.

But that’s the negative formulation. And I think it’s more compelling to look instead at this simple fact: when electronic music is thriving, of course it’s not only men, and of course the music is better.

I feel personally obligated to acknowledge this, not only as one of the guys who have been come to be seen as the norm, but because I wouldn’t be making music the way I did without the women who have been role models and teachers and supportive friends. They’re part of my own identity, and I would deny my own being if I failed to acknowledge my debt to them.

To look at whole swaths of time is overly reductive, though. So instead, here’s just one tiny microcosm in the form of a compilation album from 1977. And I think reading the text that accompanies that album tells us a lot. On one hand, it suggests we haven’t come nearly as far as we should in gender equality in electronic music. (Those discussions should be irrelevant by now, you’d hope, and yet, it seems we’ve even slid backwards since the 1996 afterword.) On the other, it suggests without women in electronic music, we would never have gotten to where we are. 2017 electronic music isn’t even, well, possible. That seems a debt we have to admit – irrespective of our particular sex.

I stumbled on this particular album just digging through old Laurie Anderson releases around her appearance last weekend; it was her first commercial LP. (None other than Philip Glass put her up to it.)

For electronic music nerds, you’re likely to hang on every word – there are fascinating stories embedded there. But I’ll skip to some significant tidbits. Most importantly, this was an all-female compilation that intentionally didn’t advertise itself as such, instead loosely taking the title of a Mills College course, New Music for Electronic and Recorded Media.


From 1977, California composer (and here curator) Charles Amirkhanian writes:

The music on this album exhibits an exciting, wide-open, freewheeling approach to the medium of electronic music which has come to be typical of this genre in the late 1970s. No longer are composers obsessively concerned with the agonizing, expressionistic, and purely “electronic” (synthesized) sound formulas that marked much of this music composed between the mid-Fifties and the late Sixties. Instead, today we have composers willing to mix media and sonic materials in thoroughly inventive ways to achieve ends that are new-sounding, and often more engaging, than that of the “academic” avant-garde.

This is the outgrowth of a fundamental change in concerns which has been evolving not only among the composers on this album but also in a growing segment of the musical avant-garde, of which these members are some of the most fecund and inspired. These new sources of inspiration certainly were not as widely shared fifteen years ago. Several composers represented here are deeply concerned with Eastern influences: meditation, healing, trance, states of serenity. Others are inspired by traditional (or “ethnic”) musics and their subsequent metamorphoses into such popular forms as rock-and-roll. Still others bring to bear a sense of wit and satire, rarely a prominent feature of avant-garde music in the early 1960s.

(I realize the text I’m quoting here comes from a man, but – well, two things. One, go listen to the music, as that says everything. Two, labels and curators run by women shouldn’t be the only ones selecting and sharing female artists – in 1977 or 2017. The role of anyone collecting and sharing music ought to be able to look beyond themselves, in every dimension.)

That’s nothing short of the seeds of the spectrum of electronic variety we have to day.

And then there’s the clincher: this change is possible partly because men and women worked together:

Particularly in the United States, where the struggle of the women’s movement has been waged most successfully, there have been a great number of composers such as Pauline Oliveros, Annea Lockwood, and Laurie Anderson, whose music has been instrumental in beginning trends and influencing others to carry on similar experiments in veins which they first have mined.

It’s political – and that makes for different music.

But you know, let’s not get too caught up in the abstract or the political, because just this one album I think deserves to be heard. There’s a stunning recreation of almost unknown German composer named Johanna M. Beyer. There’s the stunning organic music of Annea Lockwood, whose work on healing and sound is way ahead of the curve. There’s landmark Pauline Oliveros, the elegant sparseness of Laurie Spiegel … and the list goes on.

Laurie Spiegel’s is my favorite composition, personally – building on her Renaissance and Baroque lute training, she finds entrancing melodic constructions on Max Matthews’ GROOVE computer music system:

Laurie Anderson here is especially charming, and – minus the anachronism of land line telephones, surely recalls today’s arts life. I’m going to put this track on as an auto-responder, maybe.

This is in no way representative. My point is, you can needle-drop on electronic music and find that the role of women is profound. (This does happen to be a nice record to needle-drop on — thanks to 1750 Arch LP, the adventurous Tom Buckner label from Berkeley, California. But there you go – now we need some 2017 netlabels to do the same.)

And that deserves a reminder. Because even in the midst of advocacy for improving gender balance, we have to be clear about the role women have played. “Male-dominated” is a description of men’s exertion of power, not of the depth or value of our relative contribution.

But this is why ultimately whatever obstacle we find in music – gender, sexual orientation, race, income, geography – everyone can be a partner, and everyone can benefit. If you love music, overcoming those barriers and allowing more people in is never a burden. It’s a privilege. It’s a pleasure. And if anyone behaves otherwise, be immediately suspicious – or, better yet, get away from them and find some real music lovers. Life’s too short. So yeah, happy International Women’s Day.

Listen online [you’ll find various versions hosted around]

  • lala

    Why are there so few women that are into technology?
    Because they are still conditioned that way.
    I was shopping for wallpaper and there was stuff that was supposed to go into kid rooms. All they had was a pink princess room and a blueish bob the construction guy theme … I looked around for some time but there wasn’t anything that broke that stereotype.
    So I guess girls still get a doll for x-mas and boys the little electronic kit.

    • lala

      I think it’s nice that Carlos, Derbyshire, Oram, Spiegel, Anderson etc. get the attention they deserve now, but not much has changed.
      Look at your favorite festival lineup guys, guys and surprise guys. *cough*

      • Probably getting worse, in some ways. Which is my interpretation of this post. We may have made inroads from 1977 to 1996, but not that much since then and we notice alarming countertrends.
        Society doesn’t just move in one direction.

    • Right – and I think it’s ironic that all the activities that are the most essential to a healthy society, and the most empowering, are the ones that are most heavily gendered. So flipping it the other way, there’s no reason you’d want men to fail to be nurturing or able express emotions or able to be domestic – whatever it is.

      I guess the nice thing about cutting edge music technology is that it’s demanding of every skill – physics, mathematics, electrical engineering, how to solder, how to construct things out of metal and wood and plastic, how to work with fabric and textiles, how to sew, how to write code, how to work in teams, how to work with large and complex productions, some knowledge of the history of literature and culture, working across cultural practices and languages internationally, being emotionally expressive, dealing with one’s own emotional expressivity and having emotional empathy for collaborators and an audience…

      Yeah, irrespective of gender, no one can possibly have a mastery of all of that. Nor does this suggest that any point we’ll have too much talent or skill or too many people. This field is an opportunity for personal growth on every level and it can and must welcome as many people from as many different backgrounds as possible in order to reach its potential.

  • thniels

    You might also want to check out Danish front runner Else Marie Pade…

    She did a lot for musique concrète and has made some truly marvellous pieces.

    I am not sure this can be viewed outside of Denmark…

    …but if not, then this television-montage-gone-youtube can…

  • Well said, Peter – I cannot imagine electronic music and media art without this album and the women who made the works. This album has two of my favorite recordings; I’ve listened to them endlessly since I found the vinyl (my cover was pure orange, with less red than your posted picture). “Appalachian Grove” evokes the visual music experience of motoring past light percolating through trees. This is one of two tracks that made me aware of the sympathy between bluegrass and electronic music. Laurie Spiegel is also a pioneer of video synthesis and wrote Music Mouse, also an all-time favorite from my Amiga days. “Bye Bye Butterfly” sounds like a piece of music from a wrinkle in time; even now we’re catching up to the ideas that Pauline Oliveros packed into this work from the early 60s. Oliveros was an originator, innovator or ground floor participant of many approaches to music: electronic, computer, improvised, text scored, minimal, ambient, audio-visual and other hybrid forms are some of the trails she blazed. Without the artists gathered inside this orange cover back in ’77, electronic music would be much less colorful.